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Spinning and Weaving

Spinning and weaving are extremely intricate operations.

Prior to spinning the long fibre is combed with the help of hackling machines to produce fine and slightly curled plaits, called rove.

The rove after being kiered, bleached and dyed is ready for spinning.

Currently there are two spinning methods applied - wet and dry spinning. In wet spinning the rove is treated with warm and hot water to dissolve pectin substances and drawn by means of special devices to split thick fibres into elementary strands and produce uniform, fine and durable yarn. The yarn so produced is then spooled and dried and used for making threads or linen cloth.

In dry weaving no pectin dissolution occurs and thick fibres only become realigned against each other on drawing. As a result, the yarn appears to be coarser and less durable and primarily finds application in the manufacture of technical cloths.

Weaving is the process of making cloth. The cloth is made on a loom by using two sets of threads running perpendicular to each other and getting interwoven as the loom works. The threads running lengthwise are called warp threads, those running crosswise are called weft threads. The edge of the cloth is made of twist yarn.

Where cotton yarn is added, the linen cloth is referred to as semi-linen.

Linen cloth is differentiated by its application and texture as:

Table damask (tablecloths and napkins);
Towel damask and terry-loop cloth;
Garment cloth (hopsack, tricot fabric, etc.);
Bed spread cloths, fine, terraced and ticking;
Coarse cloths, crinoline, tarpaulin, packaging and bag cloths as well as fire-hose cloths, etc.

Linen cloth is manufactured in unbleached, semi-bleached, bleached and dyed varieties. Used in combination with Dacron, it greatly enhances its properties.